The processing of the Higher education R&D survey for the year 2000 was been completed by the ABS in 2002 and results have been released. Details of R&D expenditure and human resources devoted to R&D classified by type of expenditure, type of activity, location of expenditure, source of funds, type of employee, research fields and socioeconomic objectives are available.
Key findings included:
In 2000, Higher Education Expenditure on R&D (HERD) was estimated to be $2,775m at current prices, 9% higher than that recorded in 1998. In volume terms, HERD was 2% up on 1998.
HERD as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) fell to 0.41% in 2000, down from 0.43% in 1998. Australia’s HERD/GDP ratio remains relatively high when compared with those available for other OECD countries, being higher than those for the United States of America, Germany and France.
Most R&D expenditure by higher education organisations was directed towards Society ($1,123m or 40%) and Economic development ($795m or 29%).
Medical and health sciences ($668m or 24%), Biological sciences ($325m or 12%), Engineering and technology ($309m or 11%) and Agricultural, veterinary and environmental sciences ($205m or 7%) were major fields of research.
The leading states in terms of higher education R&D expenditure were New South Wales with $811m and Victoria with $631m, accounting for 29% and 23% of total R&D expenditure respectively. Queensland accounted for 17% and the Australian Capital Territory 11%.
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